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Word Order

Subject and Predicate

 

A sentence is group of words which expresses a complete thought
   i.e. He ate an apple.

A sentence consists of two parts i.e. subject and predicate.

Sentence = Subject + Predicate

 

Subject

The part of sentence which performs some action in a sentence is called Subject. A subject is sometimes also defined as the part of sentence which is being spoken about in sentence (especially in sentences having a static verb). A subject has a close relationship to what is being discussed in sentence. A subject can be a noun, pronoun, noun clause or noun phrase.

Examples
           He is flying a kite.
           John is driving a car.
           She ate an apple
           I wrote him a letter.

 

Predicate

The part of sentence which tells about the subject is called predicate.

Examples
         He is flying a kite.
         John is driving a car.
         She ate an apple
         I wrote him a letter.

       Subject refers to the actor of a sentence. The part of a sentence about which something is told in a sentence is the subject of sentence. While the part of a sentence that tells something about subject is the predicate of sentence.

Example.

                               

 

 

 

 

 

 

In the above example, “she” is a subject because it performs an action of washing clothes. We can also say that “she” is a subject because something (that she is washing her clothes) is told about it in sentence. While the rest part of the sentence“is washing her clothes” is predicate of sentence because it tells something (washing her clothes) about the subject.  

The 5 Basic Patterns

Subject + Verb
I swim. Joe swims. They swam.
Subject + Verb + Object
I drive a car. Joe plays the guitar. They ate dinner.
Subject + Verb + Complement
I am busy. Joe became a doctor. They look sick.
Subject + Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object
I gave her a gift. She teaches us English.
Subject + Verb + Object + Complement
I left the door open. We elected him president. They named her Jane.

 Exercises 

Word Order

Keys

A. Put the sentences in the correct order

1. Help / my friends / I / with their homework

2. make / people / laugh / when they are sad/ I

3. talk / to my friends / on the phone / I

4. do sports / I / at the weekends / not / do

5. play / I / a musical instrument / in the evening

6. do / the housework / I / for my parents

7. shy / not / when I meet / new people / I am

8. do / exercise / how / you / do / often / ?

9. your / how / best friend / old / is / ?

10. have / many / you / brother and sisters / how / got / ?

11. home work / last night / how / you / did / much / do / ?

12. you / the / often / do / cinema / go / to / how / ?

13. my best friend / next to me / is sitting

14. not / I / wearing / am / something blue

15. raining / it / not / is

16. standing / is / behind me / My teacher

17. watching TV / we / not / are

18. with a pencil / not / I am / writing

19. playing / my friends / football / not / are

20. the cinema / I / going / am / to / not

21. Solar system / the eighth planet / is / Neptune / in our

22 . to London / go / I / want to

23. my favourite city / is / Barcelona

24. in Sydney / for a week / we / were

25. 26 years old / is / Caroline 

B. Put the sentences in the correct order

1. him / I / about the accident / told

2. a mask / on Halloween / Kim / wore

3. tomorrow / we / going / are / to the movie

4. cub / the lion / playing / is / with his

5. Bill Gates / a / famous / person / is

6. Buddhist / Silvia / a / is

7. the stadium / does / go / this bus / to / ?

8. Harry Potter books / I / like / the

9. cheese / like / you / do / ?

10. very fast / the ambulance / driving / is

11. old / my / very / is / car

12. a pink dress / Teresa / wearing / was

14. Michael Jackson / is / name / my

15. naughty / very / our dog / is

16. my father / hard / works / very

17. cleaning / Dad / the car / is

18. lives / in a / Peter / house / big

19. Robert / countries / travel / likes to / to / different

20. nice / like / I / restaurants / to eat / in

21. messy / Jenny´s / is / room / very

22. Heidi / to school / to walk / likes

23. school / Lola / an apple / to / takes

24. borrow / can / umbrella / I / an / ?

25. is / Olga / a book / reading 

C. Put the sentences in the correct order

1. cry / babies / a lot

2. playing / children / games / like

3. sugar / to put / tea / I / in my / like

4. money / who / this / gave / you / ?

5. my sandwich / to John / gave / I

6. pizzas / bought / three / we

7. family / dogs / our / has

8. teeth / always / she / brushes / her

9. making / is / Dad / sandwiches

10. to work / Lily / the train / takes

11. island / an / is Australia

12. morning / rises / every / sun / the

13. water / dogs / in / love / playing

14. goes / the / sun / earth / the / around

15. train / the / minutes / in / leaves / five

16. supermarket / new / Friday / opens / the / on

17. Dad / cake / baking / is / a

18. ice cream / like / chocolate / I

19. saw / smiled / she / when / me / she

20. animals / were / prehistoric / Dinosaurs

21. pretty / Sally / a / has / face

22. brother / dark / his / has / hair

23. knee / sore / a / has / Peter

24. your / you / shirt / have / a / stain / on

25. cola / drinks / she / sometimes / a 

D. Put the sentences in the correct order

1. bike / want / new / I / a

2. dinner / Sally / chicken / had / for

3. Miguel / back / had / sore / a

4. work / sometimes / weekends / have to / on / I

5. I / my / took / CD / to / favourite / school

6. tea / in / any / you / have / put / that / cup / ? /

7. our / has / very / face / kind / a / teacher

8. to do / you / homework / have / a lot of

9. my /she /window / broke

10. did / do / Tom / homework / his / all / ?

11. next / new / opens / the / week / library

12. do / always / dinner / I / homework / my / after

13. in / do / well / math / and / Eli / Mayte / always / tests

14. interesting / does / very / she / work

15. to / is / Paul / learning / swim

16. has / and / Isabel / eyes / blond / blue / hair

17. I / my / every / clean / week / bedroom

18. a / his / week / Johann / shoes / twice / polishes

19. just / the / terrible / film / was

20. run / can / really / Kim / fast

21. sitting / under / Sally / tree / was / a

22. beside / river / there / the / was / tree / a

23. beard / ? / who / man / is / the / with / the

24. flour / the / mix / water / with

25. CD´s / are / listening / to / we

 

Do English exercises every day to practice your skills.

More free on-line exercises

 

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Категорія: Writing Spot | Додав: Tan (29.06.2014)
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