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Pronouns. Part 2. Exercises.

Unit 1

E x e r c i s e s

 

1.1. Mark whether each sentence is correct or contains an error in pronoun use.

  1. Originally fairy tales did not always end "happily ever after"; rather, they were often extremely violent.
  2. In the original version of "Cinderella," for example, after the marriage between she and the prince, Cinderella has her step-sisters placed in spiked coffins and dragged around the city behind the wedding procession.
  3. Similarly, in the authentic version of "Little Red Riding Hood" at the end of the story, the wolf attacks and kills the little girl whom was visiting her grandmother.
  4. Both her and her grandmother lose their lives.
  5. Some nineteenth-century artists were offended by this violence and refused to illustrate the tale; thus, it was them, not the publisher, who believed that a story for children should have a happier ending.
  6. One illustrator, to whom modern versions of the tale are indebted, changed the ending by introducing a woodcutter whose appearance saved Red Riding Hood – and the tale.

 

Unit 2: Personal Pronouns

E x e r c i s e s

2.1. Use personal pronouns instead of the italic nouns.

  1. Jane asked her brother to open the window. – She asked him to open it.
  2. Mother will send John to buy the tickets.
  3. The man gave the book to the girl.
  4. My friend is going to write a letter to his sister today.
  5. This book is not suitable for young children.
  6. Helen worked hard at history.
  7. Jim wanted to visit his grandparents.
  8. Diana never drinks milk.
  9. The stewardess brought some magazines to my friend.
  10. The teacher is helping the students to translate the article.

2.2. Finish the sentences. Use I, we, us, you, he, me, him, her, they, them.

  1. I want to see him but he doesn’t want to see me.
  2. They want to see me but … don’t want to see … .
  3. We want to see them but … don’t want to see … .
  4. She wants to see him but … doesn’t want to see … .
  5. They want to see her but … doesn’t want to see … .
  6. I want to see them but … don’t want to see … .
  7. He wants to see us but … don’t want to see … .

2.3. Fill in the gaps using object pronouns.

  1. Take this book and read it at home.
  2. These photographs are nice. Do you want to look at … .
  3. My sister knows German well. I often do my homework with … .
  4. I don’t know … . What is his name?
  5. They want the money. Give … to … .
  6. We’re going out. You can come with … .
  7. I like that camera. I’m going to buy … .
  8. These are very good exercises. Do … at home.
  9. This engineer works with … . I know … quite well.
  10. She wants the keys. Please give … to ….

2.4. Add personal pronouns to complete the story and make your own story by analogy.

The other day I was shopping. A woman stopped me and asked the way to the post-office. (1) … gave her directions and (2) … thanked (3) … politely, then ran off quickly in the opposite direction. (4)… put my hand in my pocket and found that my wallet was missing. (5)… must have taken (6)… while (7)… were talking. (8)… shouted and ran after (9)… but (10)… was no good. (11)… disappeared in the crowd.

 

Unit 3: Demobstrative Pronouns

E x e r c i s e s

3.1. Make the plural phrases singular and the singular phrases plural.

  1. This door – these doors.
  1. These boys.
  2. That house.
  3. Those boys.
  4. This red apple.
  5. Those blue flowers.

 

  1. This new bicycle.
  2. Those black hens.

9)         That open window.

  1. These stupid boys.
  2. That large animal.
  1. This new book.
  2. These bright red flowers.

14)       That small yellow orange.

  1. That clever boy.

3.2. Put a demonstrative pronoun in each of the blank spaces.

  1. I like these  flowers.
  2. I like flower.
  3. … stars are 5000 light years from the Earth.
  4. … star is called the North star.
  5. Have you read … book which I am reading?
  6. Do you like … shoes that I am wearing?
  7. Will you give me … pen?
  8. … boys on the back seat are not working as hard as … boys on the front seat.
  9. I bought … apples from … shop in the High Street.
  10. … exercises that we are doing on … page are more difficult than … exercises that we did on page two.

3.3. Substitute that or those for the repeated nouns

  1. Trollope’s novels are more entertaining than Dickens’ novels. – Trollope’s novels are more entertaining than those of  Dickens.
  2. Ann’s eyes met the eyes of Grandma.
  3. Their poetry was not the poetry of Milton and Byron and Tennyson. 
  4. The trees in our garden are taller than the trees in the park.
  5. But the train seemed to run twice as fast now, and its sound was almost lost in the sound of John’s sighing.
  6. Most people would consider such a marriage as the marriage of Soames and Irene quite fairly successful.
  7. His eyes were melancholy as the eyes of a monkey.
  8. His son saw him gravely hanging up his coat, with an expression on his face like the expression of a boy who intends to steal cherries.
  9. The climate in Moscow is better than the climate in St. Petersburg.
  10. ‘Oh!’ she said and the disappointment in her voice was the disappointment of a child who opens a beautifully wrapped package to find it empty.

3.4. Use one or ones instead of the nouns in italics.

  1. I think this department store is bigger than that department store. –  I think this department store is bigger than that one.
  2. These shoes are less comfortable than those shoes.
  3. My watch isn’t working well. I’d like to buy a new watch.
  4. I’ve got a pair of black gloves but I have to buy brown gloves to match my new shoes.
  5. I think my watch is ten minutes slow. What’s the time by your watch?
  6. These cups are dirty. Can we have some clean cups?
  7. That biscuit was nice. That’s why I’m going to have another biscuit.
  8. Which car is yours? This car or that car?
  9. Is there a bank near here? – Yes, there’s a bank at the end of this street.
  10. I want today’s newspaper. This is an old newspaper.

3.5. Answer these questions using one or ones.

  1. How many cars are there? – Five. Three big ones and two small ones.
  2. What colour are they? – There are three white … and two black … .
  3. How many small cars are there? – Two. A black … and a white … .
  4. How many big cars are there? – Three. Two white … and a black … .
  5. Where is the small white car? – Between the small black … and the big … .

Unit 4: Possessive Pronouns

E x e r c i s e s

4.1. Complete these sentences appropriately by adding possessive pronouns with or without own.

  1. I left my car in the garage.
  2. You must make up … mind.
  3. Mary hung … coat on the peg.
  4. The children had to cook … supper.
  5. Jack had … hair cut.
  6. Bill borrowed Jenny’s car. … car was being repaired.
  7. I hope you enjoy … holiday.
  8. I’ll bring … towels.
  9. We’ll invite you round … house sometime.
  10. Every dog had … special basket to sleep in.
  11. The company has offices in many countries but … head office is in New York.
  12. You should do … washing up.
  13. I see that he has lost … pencil; perhaps you can lend him … .
  14. Those seats are not …, they are … .
  15. Does your father like … job?
  16. Sally is married. … husband works in a  bank.
  17. We’re staying in a very good hotel. … room is very comfortable.
  18. They’ve got two children but I don’t remember … names.
  19. I’ve eaten all … sandwiches, can I have one of …?
  20. Richard has a dog and so do I. … dog and … had a fight.
  21. We are going to Paris to stay with a friend of … .

4.2. Replace the words in italics by possessive pronouns.

  1. The mother told the mother’s little girl a story. –  The mother told her little girl a story.
  2. Tom rode Tom’s bicycle to school.
  3. The little bird built the little bird’s nest in the tree.
  4. Susan made a dress for Susan’s doll.
  5. The teacher told Richard to bring Richard’s book to the desk.
  6. Mr and Mrs Robinson have just come into Mr and Mrs Robinson’s house.
  7. We have sold the motor-car that belonged to us.
  8. The dog is in the basket that is the dog’s.
  9. I want the book that belongs to me, not the book that belongs to you.

                                      

4.3. Make a correct choice.

  1. Bob is one of (our, us, ours) best pupils.
  2. It isn’t (my, mine) bag. I left (my, mine) at home.
  3. Whose book is this? It’s (my, mine, me).
  4. Is this Mary’s pen? No, it is (me, mine, my).
  5. (You, your, yours) house is not far from (our, ours, us).
  6. Whose cigarettes are these? They may be (our, ours) cigarettes.
  7. (Our, ours) car is faster than (their, theirs).
  8. A friend of (you, yours, your) came to see (we, us, ours).
  9. You can do it without (mine, my, me) help but not without (they, their, theirs).
  10. He couldn’t lend me the dictionary because it wasn’t (he, him, his).
  11. She is writing a letter to a friend of (her, hers, she).
  12. This suitcase isn’t (us, our, ours).
  13. This isn’t (my, mine, me) car. (My, mine, me) is a 1980 model.
  14. Could you help me sort out these things? I cannot say which are (you, your, yours) and which are (we, our, ours).
  15. (Your, you, yours) ticket is on the table and where is (her, she, hers)?
  16. Who told you about it? – A friend of (you, your, yours).
  17. Paula had to drive (my, mine) car to work. (Her, hers) had a flat tyre.
  18. Julia fell off (her, hers, him) bicycle and broke (him, hers, her) arm.

4.4. Make sentences with a friend of/ friends of.

               You have a friend in Chicago. You wrote a letter to this person.

               – I wrote a letter to a friend of mine in Chicago.

  1. He/she has a friend in a city. He/she wrote a letter to this person.
  2. You have a good friend in a city. You wrote a letter to this person.
  3. Kate and Jill have friends in London. They visited them.
  4. You have a good friend. You want to introduce me to this person.
  5. You and I have a mutual friend. We ran into this person in the High Street.
  6. You have a good friend. You met this person.
  7. You have a friend. You invited this person to spend the weekend with your family.
  8. Julia and David have some friends. They usually have dinner with these people.

 

4.5. Complete the sentences using my own/your own, etc.

  1. I don’t want to share a room. I want to have my own room.
  2. Why do you want to borrow my car? Why can’t you use … .
  3. I don’t watch television with the rest of my family. I have … TV-set in my bedroom.
  4. Jack and Bill are fed up with working for other people. They want to start … business.
  5. Don’t blame me. It’s not my fault. It’s … .
  6. Henry is extremely rich. He has … private jet.
  7. Why do you want my pen? Can’t you use … .
  8. My grandpa doesn’t buy ready-made cigarettes. He rolls … ones.

 

4.6. Fill in the gaps translating the pronouns.

  1. (Їхня) family is not very large. – Their family is not very large.
  2. Is this (ваша) book? – Yes, it’s (моя).
  3. (Його) brother is younger than (мій).
  4. These are (її) problems.
  5. (Все) (that) we need is love.
  6. Where’s (ваш) teacher?
  7. (Він) hasn’t got a camera.
  8. Why can’t you give (йому) your pen?
  9. The T-shirt isn’t (її).
  10. I don’t have (власну) room.
  11. I don’t like to play cards with John because (він) always wins.
  12.  I’ll go to the pictures with (тобою).
  13.  This girl lives in our house. I know (її) quite well.
  14.  Show (йому) your new picture.
  15.  (Обоє) my parents live in the country now.
  16.   (Все) I want is a home somewhere.
  17.  (Всі ми) can do that.

 

Unit 5: Reflexive Pronouns

E x e r c i s e s

5.1. Complete the sentences with reflexive pronouns.

  1. We built most of the houses ourselves.
  2. Helen will be very upset. I’ll have to tell her the news … .
  3. The chairman announced the news … .
  4. The president … appeared on television. She spoke for about ten minutes.
  5. The children did most of the work for the school play... .
  6. Are you okay, Harry? Did you hurt … ?
  7. David was really embarrassed when he had to go to the job interview with a bandage on his face. He had cut … while he was shaving.
  8. Do you ever talk to …? Most people talk to … sometimes.
  9. It is important for all of us to have confidence in our own abilities. We need to believe in … .
  10. Sarah is self-employed. She doesn’t have a boss. She works for … .
  11. There’s plenty of food on the table. Would all of you please simply help … to the food?
  12. Brian, don’t blame … for the accident. It wasn’t your fault. You did everything you could to avoid it.
  13. I couldn’t believe my good luck! I had to pinch … to make sure I wasn’t dreaming.
  14. A newborn puppy can’t make care of … .
  15. I know Nicole and Paul have had some bad luck, but it’s time for them to stop feeling sorry for … and get on with their lives.
  16. Jane and I ran into someone she knew. I’d never met this person before. I waited for Jane to introduce me, but she forgot her manners. I finally introduced … to Jane’s friend.
  17. Did he enjoy … at the party?
  18. The dog enjoyed … with the children.
  19. One can easily lose … in the wood.

 

5.2. Complete these sentences with these verbs. Use myself/ yourself, etc.  where necessary.

kill, dry, learn, concentrate, feel, lock, enjoy, look after, relax, hurt, wash, burn, shave, talk to, meet, blame, cut

  1. Tom cut himself while he was shaving this morning.
  2. Jack is growing a beard because he doesn’t like ….
  3. Be careful! This pan is very hot. Don’t … .
  4. I really … well today – much better than yesterday.
  5. They couldn’t get back into the house. They had … out.
  6. He climbed out of the pool, picked up a towel and … .
  7. It isn’t her fault. She really shouldn’t … .
  8. I tried to study but I just couldn’t … .
  9. What a stupid fool I am! I could … .
  10. Jack and I first … at a party five years ago.
  11. The boy was lucky when fell down the stairs. He didn’t … .
  12. You’re always rushing about. Why don’t you … more?
  13. I’m trying to … Spanish but I’m not making much progress.
  14. It was a lovely holiday. We really … very much.
  15. He spends most of his time alone, so it’s not surprising that he … .
  16. I overslept this morning. I didn’t have time to … or have breakfast.
  17. Don’t worry about us. We can … .

5.3. Change the sentences using by myself/ by yourself, etc.

  1. It looked extremely heavy. I knew I couldn’t lift it on my own. – It looked extremely heavy. I knew I couldn’t lift it by myself.
  2. I went on holiday alone.
  3. She hated being in the house on her own.
  4. John lives in this house alone.
  5. If the rest of you can’t help we’ll have to do it on our own.
  6. She went to the cinema alone.
  7. You can’t expect them to do everything on their own.
  8. When I saw him last he was alone.
  9. Mother had to go out to work and leave the children in the house on their own.
  10. Don’t go out alone.
  11. If there are three of you, you should be able to manage on your own.
  12. I had dinner alone today.
  13. I hate living on my own.
  14. It’s a horror film so children aren’t allowed to see it on their own.
  15. John had to walk home on his own.
  16. It’s too difficult for me. I can’t do it all on my own.

5.4. Make up sentences with reflexive pronouns.

pinch herself

wish myself

talk to himself

hurt myself

enjoy themselves

take care of herself

cut himself

wish yourself

be proud of yourselves

blame ourselves

feel sorry for myself

introduce herself

believe in myself

work for themselves

When Jenny won the lottery, she pinched herself to make sure she wasn’t dreaming.

5.5. Complete these sentences using on my own/by myself, etc.

  1. Learner drivers are not allowed to drive on their own.
  2. I’m glad I live with other people. I wouldn’t like to live on … .
  3. The box was too heavy for me to lift it by … .
  4. I went over to talk to Tim at the party because he was by … .
  5. Very young children should not be allowed to go swimming by … .
  6. Hasn’t she got any friends? When I see her, she is always on … .
  7. I don’t like strawberries with cream. I like them on … .
  8. Do you like working with other people or do you prefer working by … .
  9. We had no help decorating the flat. We did it completely on … .

 

Unit 6: reciprocal Pronouns

E x e r c i s e s

6.1. Use the correct form of the verbs below to complete the sentences.

to argue, to attack, to bump, to compete, to cooperate, to fight, to hurt, to part, to talk

  1. Watch what you’re doing with these sticks. You will hurt each other if you are not careful.
  2. We have to keep these dogs separate. They … each other on sight.
  3. The children won’t play peacefully together. They always … with each other.
  4. I wish Jack and Jill could work together but they just refuse to … with one another.
  5. They can never agree. They … with one another about everything.
  6. Bob and I usually play together but tomorrow we are going to … with each other for a change.
  7. They’ve had a dreadful quarrel. Now they don’t even … to one another.
  8. I met Sally yesterday. We … into each other on the train.
  9. They’re twins and they hate to … from one another.

6.2. Complete the sentences with –selves, each other or one another.

  1. Tom and Ann stood in front of a mirror and looked at themselves.
  2. How long have Tom and Ann known …?
  3. At Christmas friends often give … presents.
  4. Did the children enjoy … when they were on holiday?
  5. Jack and Jill are very happy together. They love … very much.
  6. They had an argument last week. They are still not speaking to … .
  7. Some people are very selfish. They only think of … .
  8. Nora and I don’t see … very often these days.
  9. Paul and I live near …
  10. He didn’t pay for me after dinner. We paid for … .
  11. They parted from … quite suddenly.
  12. They kissed … in greeting.
  13. They always send … a card at Christmas.
  14. Jane and Mary went shopping together and locked … out of the door.
  15. Neither John nor Peter would take responsibility for the accident. They both blame … .
  16. John and Peter were dreadfully sorry about the accident. They blamed … .
  17. The two children smiled happily at … .
  18. A lot of people injure … doing jobs about the house.

6.3. Complete the sentences using at, into, of, to, with.

  1. John and Helen looked at each other and smiled.
  2. The children quarrel a lot but they’re fond … each other.
  3. They both talk at the same time. They never seem to listen … each other.
  4. They have been corresponding … one another since they left school.
  5. They were so angry they just stood and shouted … each other.
  6. They were both very sorry. They apologized … each other.
  7. The two cars have just crashed … each other.
  8. We could just see one another so we waved … each other across the park.
  9. They are both very well known but they haven’t heard … each other.
  10. It was so funny. They just sat and laughed … each other.

 

Unit 7: Interrogative Pronouns

E x e r c i s e s

7.1. Complete the sentences with who, whom, whose, what or which.

  1. Who will help me?
  2. ... of you will help me?
  3. … of these girls is the youngest?
  4. … is your hat?
  5. … is your telephone number?
  6. … pencil is this, Peter’s or Helen’s?
  7. … are you drinking?
  8. … are you expecting?
  9. … understands this rule?
  10. … of you understands this rule?
  11. … teaches you English?
  12. … is he? – He is a doctor
  13. … grows in this garden?
  14. … of you am I to thank for this?
  15. … English books have you read this term?
  16. … do you know about him?
  1.  … gloves are these?
  2.  … piece of cake will you have?
  3.  … pencil is yours?
  4.  … is the way to the theatre?
  5.  … knows his address?
  6.  … would you like to drink?
  7.  … would you like to drink: mineral water or lemonade?
  8.  … of these cakes may I take?
  9.  … is the coldest season of the year?
  10.  … shoes do you want to buy?
  11.  … way did he go?
  12.  Here are the books. … is yours?
  13.  … am I speaking to, please?
  14.  “My shoulder hurts,” I said . “… shoulder?” I touched my left one.

7.2. Put questions to the bold words.

  1. I am looking at him. Whom did I look at?
  2. My best friend is a doctor.
  3. They are talking about the international situation.
  4. They are painters.
  5. That is my sister’s dog.
  6. Some English books are lying on the table.
  1. He is waiting for me.
  2. These boys are my brothers.
  1. I went to the cinema with my sister yesterday.
  2. The handbag is made of leather.
  3. The man asked for a cup of tea.
  4. This telegram is from my father.
  5. Mathematics is the most difficult subject that I study.
  6. The children are sitting under the tree.
  7. George bought her a necklace.
  8. George bought her a necklace.

7.3. Make questions. Use what, who, whom or whose.

  1. A: What did you see?

B: An accident (I saw an accident.)

  1. A: _______________

B: An accident. (Mary saw an accident.)

  1. A: _______________

B: Mary. (Mary saw an accident.)

  1. A: _______________

B: John. (Mary saw John.)

  1. A: _______________

B: Mary. (Mary saw John.)

  1. A: _______________

B: Pedro’s (I borrowed Pedro’s umbrella.)

  1. A: _______________

B: An accident. (An accident has happened.)

  1. A: _______________

B: Sue’s (That’s Sue’s.) This one is mine.

  1. A: _______________

B: A new coat. (Alice bought a new coat.)

  1. A: _______________

B: Alice. (Alice bought a new coat.)

  1. A: _______________

B: A map of the world. (I’m looking at a map of the world.)

  1. A: _______________these?

B: Eric’s. (These tapes are Eric’s.)

  1. A: _______________

B: The secretary. (I talked to the secretary.)

  1. A: _______________

B: His problems. (Tom talked about his problems.)

  1. A: _______________that?

B: Susan’s. (It’s Susan’s coat.)

 

Unit 8: Relative Pronouns

E x e r c i s e s

8.1. Complete the sentences with that, who or which. In some sentences more than one pronoun can be used.

  1. Do you know the man who wrote this letter?
  2. The magazine … you lent me is very interesting.
  3. The street … leads to the station is very wide.
  4. The doctor … she visited told her to stay in bed.
  5. The man … you want to see has just left.
  6. The girl … you see at the door is my sister.
  7. This is the only example … I can give you.
  8. Yesterday I met my brother, … showed me a letter … he had received from our parents.
  9. I went fishing last Sunday, … is one of the most pleasant ways of spending one’s free time.
  10. They reached the street in … she lived.
  11. The last thing … any of us wants is breakfast.
  12. He was late, … made her angry.
  13. Have you got back the things … were stolen?
  14. You shouldn’t believe all the things … you read in the newspaper.
  15. We are moving to Manchester, … is in the north-west.
  16. This is one of the songs … the Beatles recoded in 1966.
  17. We cannot provide the information … you asked for

8.2. Match the main clauses with the relative clauses.

  1. I had to travel first class, …
  2. It snowed heavily at night, …
  3. The car uses very little petrol, …
  4. He didn’t get up until after eight o’clock,
  5. A puzzle is a problem …
  6. The food in the hotel was not very good,
  7. He kept complaining, …
  8. Both the girls were late, …
  9. Michelle always did very well at school,
  10. She cycled from London to Glasgow, …
  11. It’s a book …
  1. which is pretty good for a woman of 75.
  2. which meant we had to cancel the match next day.
  3. which meant we had to eat out in the evenings.
  4. which will interest the children of all ages.
  5. that is difficult to solve.
  6. which really annoyed everyone.
  7. which certainly pleased her mother.
  8. which means it is quite cheap to run.
  9. which meant he was almost late for work.
  10. which meant we had to leave without them.
  11. which was very expensive.

8.3. Omit the relative pronoun where possible.

  1. He returned to his desk and dialed a number which he knew by heart. – He returned to his desk and dialed a number he knew by heart.
  2. His eyes, which were hot and inquisitive, looked from Martin to me.
  3. In the dark and the cold of the morning they drove out the country road through the mist that hung heavy over the flat plain.
  4. He was the architect of this very house that we live in.
  5. The telephone, which was on a side table beside Guy’s chair, mercifully rang out.
  6. All that I can then do was to sit back and wait.
  7. He offered a cigarette which a pilot refused.
  8. It was the first time that I heard John talk about Jack.
  9. She came into the room in which a child was sleeping and drew the curtains.
  10. Often they discussed things about which he knew nothing.
  11. Do you like the boy that is talking to Jennifer?
  12. I like the barber that usually cuts my hair.
  13. The students that came late missed the quiz.

8.4. Take out the relative pronouns whom or which and re-write the sentences putting the prepositions in their proper places.

  1. This is the train by which I came. - This is the train I came by.
  2. Do you know the boy to whom I am referring?
  3. This is the man to whom I wrote the letter.
  4. Who is the boy to whom you were talking?
  5. This is the tree about which I told you.
  6. The children to whom you spoke are learning grammar.
  7. The man from whom I got the information is the pilot.
  8. The chair on which he sat had just been painted.
  9. The people with whom I live are very pleasant.
  10. That is the box out of which he took the money

8.5. Combine the two sentences into one.

  1. (a) Do you know the people?   (b) They live next door.

Do you know the people who live next door.

  1. (a) The woman gave me some information.   (b) I called her.
  2. (a) The waitress was friendly.   (b) She served us dinner.
  3. (a) I don’t know the man.   (b) He is talking to Rita.
  4. (a) Do you like the mechanic?   (b) He fixed my car.
  5. (a) I talked to the people.   (b) They were sitting next to me.
  6. (a) The soup was too salty.   (b) I had it for lunch.
  7. (a) The bus is always overcrowded.   (b) I take it to work every morning.
  8. (a) The woman predicted my future.   (b) She read my palm.
  9. (a) The woman pays me a fair salary.   (b) I work for her.
  10. (a) I want to tell you about the party.   (b) I went to it last night.
  11. (a) The bananas were too ripe.   (b) My husband bought them.
  12. (a) The office is on Main Street.   (b) Mary works in it.
  13. (a) Here is the brochure.   (b) You asked me about it.
  14. (a) The market has fresh vegetables.   (b) I always go to it.
  15. (a) The woman is my teacher.   (b) You met her husband.
  16. (a) I have a friend.   (b) Her brother is a police officer.
  17. (a) The boy wants to be a violinist.   (b) His mother is a famous musician.
  18. (a) The woman shouted, “Stop, a thief!”   (b) Her purse was stolen.
  19. (a) The girl is a good friend of mine.   (b) I borrowed her camera.

8.6. Add relative clauses to the main sentence.

(A)    MAIN SENTENCE: The man was nice.

Example: I met him yesterday.

Response: The man (whom/that) I met yesterday was nice.

  1. You introduced me to him.
  2. He helped me yesterday.
  3. I spoke to him on the phone.
  4. I had dinner with him last week.
  5. He opened the door for me.
  6. I told you about him.
  7. He gave me directions to the post office.
  8. He visited our class yesterday.
  9. I borrowed his pen.
  10. I met him at the party last night.

 

(B)    MAIN SENTENCE: Do you know the woman?

Example: She is standing over there.

Response: Do you know the woman who/that is standing over there?

  1. (…) is talking to her.
  2. Her car was stolen.
  3. (…) is going to marry her.
  4. (…) is talking about her.
  5. She is waving at us.
  6. Her apartment was burglarized.
  7. She works at that office.
  8. She is sitting over there.
  9. My brother is engaged to her.
  10. Her son was arrested by the police.

8.7. Fill the gaps in the following sentences with one of the following words: however, whatever, whenever, wherever, whichever, whoever.

  1. Whatever  you  do,  don’t  mention  my  name. (I  particularly  don’t  want you to.)
  2. He lives in Wick, … that is. (I don’t know and don’t much care.)
  3. You’ll never escape. He’ll find you, … you hide yourself (no matter where).
  4. … of you broke this window will have to pay for it.
  5. … broke this window will have to pay for it.
  6. The lift works perfectly for Tom, but … I use it, the doors stick. (every time)
  7. I’d rather have a room of my own, … small, than share with someone.
  8. … told you I’d lend you $500 was pulling your leg.
  9. You’re wanted on the phone! – I can’t come now. Ask … it is to leave his number and I’ll ring him back.
  10. … rich you are, you can’t buy happiness.
  11. He’s a phrenologist, … that is.
  12. We must finish tonight, … long it takes us.(no matter how long)
  13. … it rains, my roof leaks.
  14. Mothers in this district are not letting their children out alone till … committed these murders has been arrested.
  15. … fast you drive, you won’t catch him up.
  16. … my friend is cooking, there is a smell of burning.
  17. If I say, «Heads, I win; tails, you lose,» I will win … happens. Or I will win … way the coin falls.
  18. A married man to his bachelor friend: You can do … you like in the evenings but I have to go home to my wife.

 

UNIT 9: DEFINING, INDEFINITE and NEGATIVE PRONOUNS

E x e r c i s e s

9.1. Change the given sentences into negative sentences and questions.

  1. There is something on the desk. – There is nothing on the desk. Is there anything on the desk?
  2. I have already done some of these exercises.
  3. There were some apples in the vase.
  4. Somebody phoned you yesterday in the afternoon.
  5. There was some water in the bottle.
  6. Some of his early novels impressed me greatly.
  7. There was somebody in their room.
  8. Somebody might have seen him leaving the house.
  9. She has read some of the books from the list given by the teacher.
  10. Somebody brought this letter for you.
  11. John gave Mary some books for her friends.
  12. After dinner some students went home.
  13. There are some serious mistakes in your essay.
  14. Before going I shall leave here something for you.
  15. There are some small cosy rooms in this building.
  16. Some people prefer to spend their holidays at home.
  17. Somebody gets annoyed by loud sounds.
  18. This book can be bought in some shops.
  19. My mother baked some delicious cakes for my birthday.
  20. I have got something very interesting to tell you.

9.2. Supply some or any.

  1. Are there any more potatoes? Yes, there are … potatoes in the dish.
  2. Have you got … sugar? – I expect we have. Yes, there’s … sugar in this bowl.
  3. … people just don’t know how to mind their own business.
  4. I didn’t get … shoes at the sales. They were too expensive.
  5. There are never … taxis when you want one.
  6. There isn’t … point at all in getting upset about it.
  7. I’ve met … people but I don’t have … real friends yet.
  8. There are … biscuits left, but there isn’t … cake.
  9. I know you speak … French, but do you speak … German?
  10. Have you got … idea what time it is?
  11. … child can learn to read and write.
  12. I don’t have … free time now but I will be free … day next week.
  13. You can buy this at … good bookshop.
  14. I’d like to give you … advice.
  15. I like … fruit except bananas.

9.3. Insert some, any or nor, making the appropriate compounds if necessary.

  1. There’s some milk in the jug.
  2. She wanted … stamps but there weren’t … in the machine.
  3. I’m afraid there isn’t … coffee left; will you grind … ?
  4. Is there … here who can speak Italian?
  5. I’d like to buy … new clothes but I don’t have … money.
  6. Nobody told me … of the details.
  7. When would you like to come? – … day would suit you.
  8. Don’t let … in. I’m too busy to see … .
  9. … tells me you’ve got … bad news for me.
  10. I can’t see my glasses … .
  11. We didn’t think he'd succeed but he managed … .
  12. You’re looking very miserable; has … upset you?
  13. If you had … sense you wouldn’t leave your car unlocked.
  14. … who believes what Jack says is a fool.
  15. She put her handbag down … and now she can’t find it.
  16. Will you have … pudding or fruit?
  17. Haven’t you got … friends in Rome? I feel sure you mentioned them once.
  18. Haven’t you got … friends here? You should join the club and get to know people.
  19. I see you haven’t maps. Would you like to borrow … of mine?
  20. Come and have supper with us if you aren’t doing … tonight.
  21. All the salaries are being paid much later now; it’s … to do with the computer.
  22. He lives … in Paris now.
  23. You can’t expect just … student to solve the problem. It requires a mathematician.
  24. Where shall we sit? – Oh, … will do.
  25. Is there … moving about downstairs? I heard … falling.
  26. Is there … living in that house? It looks deserted.

9.4. Insert none or no making appropriate compounds.

  1. I met nobody in the library.
  2. There has been … rain for several weeks.
  3. He said … about it in his last letter.
  4. I’d like to give my book to … at all.
  5. We all got wet because … of us had an umbrella.
  6. When the post arrived, she looked through it hopefully but there were … for her.
  7. How many of these people do you know? – … of them.
  8. … of this money is mine.
  9. … in the class did their homework.
  10. Where did you go for your holiday? – …, I stayed at home.
  11. I couldn’t make an omelet because we had … eggs.
  12. The accident looked serious but fortunately … was injured.
  13. The town was still the same when I returned years later. … had changed.
  14. We took a few photographs but … of them were good.
  15. What did you have for breakfast? – … . I usually have … breakfast.
  16. How many cinemas are there in your town? – … . The last one closed six months ago.

9.6. Complete the sentences with all, everything, everyone/everybody and the whole.

  1. Ann knows everyone in her street.
  2. … I have eaten today is a sandwich.
  3. My little brother ate … box of chocolates.
  4. Tom is very popular. … likes him.
  5. … was very kind to us. They did … they could to help us.
  6. Jill doesn’t do any of the housework. Her husband does … .
  7. The police searched … house looking for evidence.
  8. Can … write their names on a piece of paper?
  9. She worked … day yesterday. That’s why she needs a rest.
  10. I didn’t spend much money in the shop. … I bought is a pair of gloves.
  11. Why are you always thinking of money? Money is not … .
  12. The weather was terrible … day yesterday and we couldn’t go out.
  13. He didn’t say where he was going. … he said was that he was going away.
  14. … has got their faults. Nobody is perfect.

9.7. Supply each, every, both or all in the sentences

  1. Nearly every home in the country has television.
  2. Here is something for … of you.
  3. Not … student is capable of learning English.
  4. The admission ticket cost us $5 … .
  5. They seem to be repairing … road in the country.
  6. … tyres on my bicycle are flat.
  7. … people are immortal.
  8. … salt in this bag is damp.
  9. ... drinking water must be pure.
  10. … windows in the house are open.
  11. … addresses in this list are out of date.
  12. … is clearly signposted.
  13. There is a fire extinguisher on … floor in the building.
  14. … floor of the building has its own fire extinguisher.
  15. They are … fortunate to have such a good start in life.
  16. … twins want to go to the party.
  17. … cars need regular servicing

9.9. Insert either, neither or both.

  1. They both laughed and Dan looked down at his desk.
  2. We were … in the room, but … of us spoke for some time.
  3. I guess we’re … a little overtired.
  4. He looked from Sam to Philip, but … answered.
  5. Hatton took … the plates in one hand, and Neville’s hand in the other, and led the way from the room.
  6. They were … running hard, but someone was ahead of them.
  7. It was a very good football match. … of the teams played very well.
  8. Which of the films do you prefer? The first one or the second one? – Actually I didn’t like … of them.
  9. We didn’t like the hotel. It was … clean … comfortable.
  10. He lost … his book and glasses.
  11. … of two pictures is satisfactory.
  12. … of the people I met were English.
  13. I like both jackets. I’ll take … of them.
  14. Is it your car or your sister’s? – … . It’s my father’s.
  15. After the accident … cars stopped. … drivers got out and started shouting at each other. … of them were very aggressive.
  16. «Is today the 18th or the 19th?» – «… . It’s 20th today.»

9.11. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate form of other or another.

  1. This pen won’t write. Please, give me … . (singular)
  2. If you are still thirsty, I’ll make … pot of coffee.
  3. This dictionary has a page missing. Please, give me … .
  4. He does not need those books. He needs … .(all the remaining)
  5. There are thirty people in the room. Twenty are from Latin America and … are from … countries.
  6. Six people were in the store. Two were buying meat; … was looking at magazines; … was eating a candy bar. … were walking around looking for more food. (notice the verbs)
  7. This glass of milk is sour. … glass of milk is sour, too.
  8. The army was practicing its drills. One group was doing artillery practice. … was marching; … was at attention; and … was practicing combat tactics.
  9. These are seven students from Japan. … are from Iran, and … are from … places.
  10. We looked at four cars today. The first two were far too expensive, but … ones were reasonably priced.
Категорія: English Grammar | Додав: Tan (30.10.2014)
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